What is Melasma?
Melasma is a skin condition that appears darker-than-normal skin affecting the face. It can affect both genders and any race; however, it is more common in women and people with darker skin types who live in sunny climates, as the condition is made worse by sun. It is not contagious, cancerous or connected to allergies.
What Causes Melasma
The exact cause is not known, but several factors can contribute. These include pregnancy, hormonal drugs such as the oral contraceptive pill, and medical conditions that affect hormone levels. Sunshine and the use of sun-beds can make the tendency to melasma worse.
What are the Signs of Melasma
Melasma is an area on the skin that appears darker-than-normal skin. It often tends to affect the cheeks, forehead, upper lip, nose and chin, usually in a symmetrical manner. It may be limited to the cheeks and nose or the skin of the jaw region. The neck and the forearms can also be affected. It is the visual cosmetic appearance of melasma which people tend to find the most distressing.
Treatments of Melasma
At LINIA Skin Clinic we offer a wide range of treatment options for those with melasma. The treatment depends upon the location and cause of melasma as described above. A full consultation, and examination and required to determine the cause of melasma. Based on the findings your dermatologist will recommend a personalised treatment plan.
Melasma treatments offered at LINIA Skin Clinic include:
- Avoiding known trigger factors, such as the oral contraceptive pill
- Sun avoidance and use of a high SPF broad spectrum sunscreen
- Skin-lightening agents – your dermatologist may prescribe topical treatments such a tretinoin creams, retinoid creams, and skin lightening creams.
- Facial peels
- Skin camouflage